Zero Waste Indonesia Through Circular Economy
By Fahrian Yovantra & Andre Prasetyo
Resources around the world are being used up far faster than they are replenished, and the amount of unmanaged waste has left many countries in a state of waste emergency. Indonesia, the world's second biggest contributor to plastic waste in the oceans and food waste, is in a state of emergency with regard to waste problems. Its decaying trash disposal sites are struggling to cope with tens of millions of tons of waste every year.
On 28th of October 2018, President Joko Widodo announced the Presidential Regulation No. 97/2017, which becomes a road map for Indonesia Bersih dan Bebas Sampah 2025. In order to realize that mission, government, business actors, as well as society in general have the obligations to formulate working programs that are in line with, and support Indonesia to be free from waste in 2025.
Every person is responsible to manage their own waste. Therefore, both producers and consumers should be aware of it and understand the regulations that govern waste issues in Indonesia. The target of national policy and strategy (Jakstranas) is 30% reduction of waste production from the source as well as handling 70% of the waste in 2025. Jakstranas is aligned with the national long-term development plan and the medium-term development plan. It also serves as a guideline in formulating regional policies and strategies at the provincial and district level.
In Indonesia's journey to reach Jakstranas, a circular economy approach is established through the National Strategy on Circular Economy. This strategy will complement the existing national efforts to achieve sustainable growth.
To support the achievement of the government's target towards Indonesia Bersih dan Bebas Sampah 2025 through the implementation of the circular economy, Greeneration Foundation has been focusing on synchronizing and integrating waste data led by the government and involving multi-stakeholder participation through two initiatives:
(1) Indonesian Waste Free consisting of BebasSampah.id as the national waste management platform and the Indonesia Zero Waste Jamboree as an annual grassroots gathering;
(2) Indonesia Circular Economy Forum consisting of the IndonesiaCEF.id as the national circular economy platform and the Indonesia Circular Economy Forum as an annual high-level gathering. Furthermore, the Indonesian Government is instrumental in convening and leading these platforms, using it as an enabler to encourage Public-Private-People partnership (4P) with Indonesian stakeholders. This platform would ultimately accelerate Indonesia’s agenda to become a zero-waste nation state.
M. Fahrian Yovantra joined the Greneeration Foundation in 2018 and currently the Program Manager of Indonesia Circular Economy Forum (ICEF). Sustainability and resilience always has been a subject of interest for study where he believes resilience is a key component in reinforcing sustainable efforts. He has presented his research about nuclear energy and sustainable development in Burgos, Spain in 2014 and the improvement of Jakarta city's resilience and sustainability through e-government in Barcelona, Spain in 2017. He is now identifying opportunities and impact of Indonesia as a regional player in sustainability efforts and initiatives through collaboration with not only local stakeholders, but global players as well. He graduated with honors from Indonesia Defense University with a Master's degree in Defense Management.
Andre Prasetyo is Program Manager of Bebas Sampah Indonesia (Zero Waste Indonesia) at Greeneration Foundation. He has worked at the Greeneration Foundation for over three years. Before pursuing his professional career, since he was a undergraduate student he has been active in organizations in environmental non-governmental organizations such as Greenpeace and WWF as a volunteer leader. According to him, one of the root problems of waste management in Indonesia is the result of lack of data to show the baseline and progress of the Zero Waste Indonesia target by 2025 through a 30% reduction and 70% national waste management that has been determined by the government through Presidential Regulation 97/2017. Therefore, through a national solid waste platform called Bebassampah.ID, Andre wants to collect, analyze and visualize national solid waste data as a reference for policy making as well as evaluate existing policies.